# Calculating the UPS and Battery Backup Time

Before calculating the Battery Backup, let us know a few factors that vary battery backup.
For and UPS with 875Va we can us a maximum load of 640 watts 677Va we can us a maximum load of 540 watts
The main thing we should understand is that whatever may be the UPS wattage the battery backup will not vary.
The battery backup will only vary depending on the battery Ah and the Usage Load.
To calculate UPS backup, we have a simple formula.
UPS Backup = Battery Ah * (Volts/Load) * (1/Power Factor)
Example: Let us calculate the backup for a system UPS
Load is the usage power, suppose we are running a PC then the load is around 300 watts
Power Factor varies for device to device, the average power factor is 1.4
Voltage is the voltage of the battery.
For a single battery the voltage is 12v.
If the batteries are connected in a series Voltage = 12 * no. of batteries.
Battery Ah is the battery ampere used for the ups,
System UPS battery AH is 7

Then Battery Backup = 7 * (12/300) * (1/1.4)
= 7 * (0.04) * (0.7)
= 0.19 hours
= 11.4 Minutes
Note: You can use the same formula for calculating the battery backup for home UPS or an INVERTER.

### Author: alahdin

I Muhammad Irfan is an IT professional currently working at SNGPL in IT/MIS Department. My Contact Numbers: +92 (0)333 442 9629 +92 (0)306 466 9667 +92 (0)313 494 5679

### 6 thoughts on “Calculating the UPS and Battery Backup Time”

1. .19 hours of a 60 minute hour is equal to 11.4 minutes.

• Thankx 🙂

2. Appriciated …………..

Thanks & Regards,
Kashif Abdul Khaliq

3. Hi,
”the average power factor is 1.4”

4. Average Power Factor = 1.4?
How did you calculated, most of the UPS has power factor of 0.7 or 0.8

5. Thanks